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A Gallery of 50 Items - (series 1 of 5)
The firm was formed in 1912 as a holding company producing thread cutting tools (taps and dies). The company was founded by Frederick Payne and Frank O. Wells of the Wells Brothers Co. In 1912 this firm engineered a hostile takeover of Wiley & Russell Manufacturing Co., combining the two large businesses to create the world's largest tap and die firm. They expanded by buying out most of its local competitors and acquiring other firms for their product lines, including Nutter & Barnes Co. in 1913 and F. E. Wells & Son in 1917. The Nutter & Barnes acquisition gave them product lines in metal sawing, sharpening and grinding, and the F. E. Wells & Son gave them "Little Giant" wood and metal lathes.
In 1921 Greenfield Tap & Die simultaneously acquired two makers of grinding machinery: Greenfield Machine Co. and Morgan Grinder Co. Greenfield Tap & Die continued making universal grinders, cylindrical grinders and internal grinders for a few years before discontinuing those lines. In 1937 Greenfield Tap & Die acquired another Greenfield maker of taps and dies, the Russell Manufacturing Co., which had been founded in 1913 by Whitman Russell and Charles C. Russell. Beginning in 1958 Greenfield Tap & Die Corp. went through a series of mergers, ownership and organizational changes. The first of these was a merger with United Tool & Drill Corp. to form United-Greenfield Corp. In 1968, United-Greenfield was acquired by conglomerate TRW Inc. The company is still in Greenfield, albeit much smaller, as a subsidiary of Widia. Source: